Records dating as back as far as 10,000 BC show that beer existed and was brewed then. The history of ale is extensive since beer is a drink consumed by people worldwide. However, there are crucial milestones that signified particular turning points in the trend of beer around the world.
Sumerians inhabited Mesopotamia. Ancient poems that honour Ninkasi, who was known as the goddess of brewing, mentions one of the oldest beer recipes. Also, tablets that were created around 6000 years ago by the Sumerians depict people drinking from red bowls that were communal and using reed straws.
Egyptians as Brewers
Around 5,000 BC, Egyptians started documenting on papyrus scrolls their brewing process. The ingredients they used included dates, pomegranates and some indigenous herbs. In ancient Egypt, beer was used in special ceremonies, specifically, religious gatherings. The pharaoh was responsible for scheduling the brewing and distributing beer to the people.
Early Europeans and Beer
Drinking beer made its way from Egypt to the Middle East and then to Europe. Here, it became a crucial aspect of life since it was drunk by individuals of all classes. This is because it was brewed easily and tasted better than water. Most of the brewers then were women who fermented ale on a small scale for domestic use and also for sale. Ale spread across Europe since the main ingredient, barley, was a common crop in these areas then.
The New World
The first European colonists introduced beer to New York. According to early records, the settlers ran out of ale and had to dock at Plymouth Rock to brew more. They built the first brewery, and since then, America has been crafting the popular drink. During the late 1800s and early 1900s, there was a great demand for beer which led to the growth of the ale industry.